Therapeutic exercise refers to a wide range of physical activities that focuses on restoring and maintaining strength, endurance, flexibility, stability and balance. The goal of therapeutic exercises is to return an injured patient to a fully functioning, pain-free state. They can also prevent loss of function and enhance a patient’s functional capabilities. If you need to prevent and decrease impairment and disability, therapeutic exercises might be very helpful at improving your overall health status, fitness and sense of well-being.
Types of Therapeutic Exercises
Therapeutic exercises are classified according to the aim and purpose of the exercises into many types:
- Range of motion exercises which aim to maintain and increase range of motion as traditional ROM exercises (passive, active and active assisted ROM exercises) and techniques of joint mobilization and soft tissue stretching.
- Muscle performance exercises to increase muscle strength, power and endurance as resisted exercises and endurance exercises.
- Postural exercises to improve posture and correct faulty posture.
- Balance and coordination exercises to improve balance and coordination.
- Relaxation exercises to induce relaxation.
- Area specific exercises as breathing exercises and circulatory exercises.